Most effective Leadership & Management Styles & Approaches

Leadership-Vs-Management

Although we cannot give a specific definition for leadership and management, there is a unique opinion in the heart for each person. In my opinion, they have the similarities position, but they also have a lot of differences. Firstly, on the similarities, leaders and managers usually play the same role in the organizations. In the business, their position bring the same supervision and power for them. In addition, in the companies, the manager must be a leader, because they need the power to use the management role. Another reason is that both of managers and leaders involve a decision-making process (Gordon, 2014).

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Moreover, on the differences, the largest distinguish is the focus. Leadership is focus on leading people, then the followers will following them. The orientation of leadership is people-oriented, in addition, their power comes from the charisma and influence. Thus, the followers admire the leaders, and they will want to help the leaders to get the achievements (Lopez, 2014). On the other hand, management is focus on managing work. Their orientation is task-oriented, then they order the subordinates to get the results. Furthermore, their power come from the formal authority and position (Diffen.com, 2015). The second difference is about the right things or things right. The leaders always want to keep the followers, because if the leaders want to get successful, they need the helping hand from the followers. Then, the leaders will do the right things to attract the followers. However, the managers just want to finish the work, they only involved the results. Thus, in the general, the managers use their way to control the subordinates to work. The managers do the things right (Torres, 2013).

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On the general, there are five methods for managing the subordinates, they are Laissez-Faire, Autocratic, Participative, Transactional, and, Transformational (Johnson, 2015). Although the laissez-faire style is useful to improve the employees’ working enthusiasm on teamwork and commitment, the leaders lack straightforward controlling for the worker, and the feedback also cannot transmit to leaders. In addition, the autocratic managing method is centralization of authority. The main influencing factor of the development process for organizations is the leaders’ decisiveness (Uche.C & Timinepere, 2012). Compare with the first and second managing methods, transactional leadership and transformational leadership easier to enhance the productivity and efficiency. Because the transactional leadership uses the material rewards to encourage the employees, such as bonuses, while the transformational leadership uses the mentally rewards, for example, through communication and high visibility (Buble, Juras & Matic, 2014). In my viewpoint, I think the most effective approach is participative leadership, because the employees can participate in the management for the company, this will satisfy the employees from both of material and mentally. In addition, the managers also can get the feedback from employees on immediately.

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However, the difference companies have the difference situations, so it cannot find that one style can apply to all the companies. Moreover, according to the ability and character of leaders, they also  will choose the difference leadership styles. As the CMI (2013) said that the best approach should according to circumstances and individual characteristics, and I very agree with this viewpoint. Although in my opinion, I think the best approach is participative leadership, this style cannot use on all organizations. Getting the feedback from each employee is a very democratic way, but when the companies need to make a decision in a short period, this style will meets a big challenge. I consider that Steve Jobs – the ex-CEO of Apple and Larry Page – the CEO of Google are the profit leaders which I want to work for. Certainly, they use the different leadership styles to manage the employees. Steve Jobs as a transformational leader, the Apple is focus on the innovation and high technology, then Jobs always encourage the employees to propose the new ideas (Steinwart & Ziegler, 2014). However, the Larry Page is more laissez-faire leader. The corporate culture of Google is not giving employees too much restrains when they develop new ideas (Thompson, 2015).

FILE - In this June 12, 2007 file photo, Google co-founder Larry Page smiles at a news conference held at Google headquarters in Mountain View, Calif. When he replaced his mentor Eric Schmidt as Google's CEO last April, Page insisted that the company had to be more aggressive about countering the threat posed by Facebook's ever-growing popularity.  Page responded with a social networking crusade that is still reshaping Google Inc. as he marks his one-year anniversary as chief executive on Wednesday, April 3, 2012. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma, file)steve-jobs-5

If I as a team member, I want to Larry Page be my leader. Despite I prefer like Jobs on individual, the laissez-faire leadership can give me more motive power to working. I hope the leader can support my new ideas, because I always can get some new points when I was working or studying. The innovation ability of employees is a very important factor for the development of companies. The leaders support for the innovation is same to improve the development. In addition, when the employees can get the sustain from leaders, it also helpful for improve the working enthusiasm.

Reference:

Buble, M., Juras, A., & Matic, I. (2014). The Relationship Between Mangers’ Leadership Styles and Motivation. Management. Vol. 19. No. 1. Pp. 161-193.

Diffen.com. (2015). Leadership vs Management – Difference and Comparison. [Online]. Available at: http://www.diffen.com/difference/Leadership_vs_Management [Accessed 10 Jun. 2015]

Gordon, L. (2014). Are Managers and Leaders the Same? [Online] progressivecattle.com. Available at: http://www.progressivecattle.com/topics/management/6096-are-managers-and-leaders-the-same [Accessed 10 Jun. 2015].

Johnson, R. (2015). 5 Different Types of Leadership Styles. [Online]. Available at: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/5-different-types-leadership-styles-17584.html [Accessed 10 Jun. 2015]

Lopez, R. (2014). The Relationship between Leadership and Management: Instructional Approaches and its Connections to Organizational Growth. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly. Vol. 6. No. 1.

Steinwart, M. C., & Ziegler, J. A. (2014). Remembering Apple CEO Steve Jobs as a “Transformational Leader”: Implications for Pedagogy. Journal of Leadership Education. Vol. 13. Issue. 2. Pp. 52-66.

Thompson, S. (2015). Google’s Business Leadership and Organizational Culture. [Online]. Available at: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/googles-business-leadership-organizational-culture-58108.html [Accessed 10 Jun. 2015]

Torres, S. L. (2013). Leadership vs Management: Differences and Similarities. [Online] creditunionbusiness.com. Available at: http://www.creditunionbusiness.com/2013/09/19/leadership-vs-management-differences-and-similarities/ [Accessed 10 Jun. 2015].

Uche.C, N., & Timinepere, C. O. (2012). Management Styles and Organizational Effectiveness: An Appraisal of Private Enterprises in Eastern Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research. Vol. 2. No. 9.

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4 thoughts on “Most effective Leadership & Management Styles & Approaches

  1. I was fascinated by the first picture in your article. This makes me to think what a leader should do. Whether he should solely be an idea-maker or a co-worker with his employees? I personally think a leader in a company should join the work with his employees to some extent. He should on the one hand gives his employees an impression that he is working with them, while on the other hand reminds them that he is the boss.

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    • In my opinion, the leaders should is the founders of this company, they have the experience about working together with their employees. However, the managers just like a job, their job is CEO, their have not too many relation with the company before maybe.

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  2. Can not agree what Herbert Hu write any more, I find the first picture that explain the difference between the leader and boss very specifically and helpfully. But get a bit confused on the business approaches and business structure. I think what you write here should get a bit consider with different business structure. As with a flat management structure, the approaches may only be Laissez-Faire, Participative, Transactional, and Transformational. Even for the transactional may not very good to be used under a flat structure. But if the company is under a hierarchy structure the transactional and autocratic approaches are most common existed.

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